Human tracks in the Baku region return to the Paleolithic era. From the bronze age, engraving on the stone in Ba’il and the bronze statue, a small fish has been found in the ancient city of Baku, which confirms the human facilities in the current boundaries of the city of Baku at the same time.
For the first time, the historian of the fifth century AD, Priiskous, has pointed to the Baku fire. Immersive fire that made Baku one of the main Zoroastrian centers. Ardeshir I ordered the Sassanid to fire Umzad in the fire temples of the city.
Between the twelfth and fourteenth centuries, a solid fence was dragged around the city, and its fortifications were upgraded. The girl’s tower, the Ramana castles, the Neanderthals, the Shahan, Mardan, and Sabali were built during this period. The biggest problem during this period was the advance of the Caspian Sea to the coast, which plunged a large part of the city and completely overturned the Sabile Castle in the 14th century.
During the Iran-Russia war, Baku repeatedly exchanged between them, and eventually joined the Russian Empire in 1813, in accordance with the Golestan treaty.
The oil boom in the late nineteenth century led to the expansion of the Baku, with its population growth rising from Paris, London and New York. The world’s first oil platform, Black Stones, was founded on the coast of Baku in 1947.
Ground clearance with Iran is about 400 km (approximately 4 hours on land and 50 minutes from Tehran Imam Khomeini airport) from the border of Iran (Astara city) to Baku
Baku (the Azerbaijani Turkish: Bakı), the capital of the Republic of Azerbaijan, is the largest city and also the largest port in the country. It is located on the western shore of the Caspian Sea on the inshore peninsula and is one of the world’s most oil-rich regions. Baku is the most populated city of the Caucasus. There are many beach resorts and numerous artistic programs, including music, theater and opera.
The old part of Baku (İçəri Şəhər Aichi town), along with the fortress and fortress of the castle city, has been well preserved from the Middle Ages, and one of the works recorded in UNESCO is the legacy of global culture. The urban population at the beginning of 2012 is 3.202.300 People are estimated.
In 2007, at a meeting of cultural ministers of the Organization of the Islamic Conference, Baku was declared the capital of Islamic culture for 2009. In 2000, the old part of Baku (İçəri Şəhər Aichi Shahr), as well as the Shervanshahan (Azerbaijani Turkish, Shirvan Shahar Sarayi), and the castle of the Daughter, were registered as UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Baku has 11 municipalities including Azizbayev, Bangiadi, Karyadag, Narimanov, Nasimi, Military, Sabali, Sabonchi, Khata’i, Dorakhani and Yasamal, as well as 48 cities. Cities located on the islands of the Baku Bay and the city of rocky oil or Dashlari oil that are made in the sea outside Baku and inside the Caspian Sea are among 48 other cities.